Aging is accompanied by a variety of physiological, psychological, economic and social changes that compromise nutritional status and/or affect nutritional requirements. For these reasons, the diets of many older adults do not currently meet the recommended intake levels of several essential vitamins and minerals; thus, low micronutrient status is often reported in this population. Nutritional status surveys of the elderly indicate a low to moderate prevalence of frank nutrient deficiencies, but an increased risk of malnutrition, along with evidence of subclinical deficiencies having a direct impact on physiologic function. Overt micronutrient deficiencies have been reported as prevalent in nursing home populations, and recommendations have been proferred that all institutionalized older adults receive a multivitamin/mineral supplement for general nutritional prophylaxis. A clinical study has shown that multivitamin treatment for 8 weeks significantly increased, compared to placebo, plasma concentrations of vitamins D, E, pyridoxal phosphate, folate, B12, C, and improved the riboflavin activity coefficient. Supplementation with a multivitamin formulated at about 100% Daily Value can thus decrease the prevalence of suboptimal vitamin status in older adults and improve their micronutrient status to levels (2).
The NHPD recommendations for zinc supplementation in adults to help maintain healthy skin are between 0.7-50 mg per day (3).
Calcium and the vitamin D hormonal system are both essential for the development and maintenance of skeletal health. Calcium plays a vital role in neuromuscular function, many enzyme-mediated processes, blood clotting and in providing rigidity to the skeleton by virtue of its phosphate salts. Over 99% of the body?s calcium is stored in the bone, where, apart from providing mechanical strength, it serves as a mineral reservoir that can be drawn upon to maintain normal plasma calcium. Vitamin D is required to maintain normal blood levels of calcium and phosphate, which are in turn needed for the normal mineralization of bone, muscle contraction, nerve conduction and the general cellular functioning of all body cells. Vitamin D, derived from both endogenous (skin) and exogenous (diet) sources, is converted into 25OHD in the liver and then into 1,25(OH)2D in the kidneys. The latter metabolite controls calcium absorption. However, plasma 25OHD closely reflects vitamin D nutritional status, and because it is the substrate for the renal enzyme that produces 1,25(OH)2D, it could have mainly an indirect and also a direct effect on calcium absorption. A vitamin D shortage would reduce the intestinal absorption of calcium, which could worsen if the diet is deficient of this element. Osteoporosis and its clinical consequence, fragility fractures, are now recognized as major public health problems. Bone mass declines and the risk of fractures increases as people age, especially postmenopausal women. An adequate intake of calcium and vitamin D, including supplementation, has been advocated as a universal primary intervention in the prevention and treatment of high-risk patients. Evidence shows that there is still a high proportion of people with inappropriately low calcium and vitamin D intake and serum levels. For selective groups of people, such as the elderly (frequently older than 70 years), those with low solar exposure and in generally poor or inadequate nutritional condition, guaranteeing a daily intake of at least 1 g of calcium and 700?800 UI of vitamin D with supplements would have beneficial effects on bone health. In those individuals with a high risk of osteoporotic fracture, calcium and vitamin D supplements are necessary but frequently insufficient (4).
The B vitamins folate, vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), and vitamin B12 (cobalamin) are important regulators of homocysteine metabolism in the body, and randomized controlled trials have demonstrated that supplementation with folate (natural dietary folate or the synthetic folic acid) alone or in combination with vitamins B6 and B12 significantly reduces blood homocysteine concentrations (5). A study provides evidence that homocysteine-lowering therapy with folic acid (1 mg/d), vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin, 400 ?g/d), and vitamin B6 (pyridoxine hydrochloride, 10 mg/d) for 6 months improves outcome after percutaneous coronary intervention by reducing the need for repeat revascularization and decreasing the overall incidence of major adverse events 1 year after successful coronary angioplasty (6).
Adequate zinc status is critical for immune function. Zinc deficiency reduces generation of T cells, depresses humoral and cell-mediated immunity, leads to lymphopenia and thymic atrophy, and increases the frequency and number of infections (7). A prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial was conducted involving 231 HIV-infected adults with low plasma zinc levels, who were randomly assigned to receive zinc (12 mg of elemental zinc for women and 15 mg for men) or placebo for 18 months. Zinc supplementation given to HIV-infected adults resulted in a 4-fold decrease in the likelihood of immunological failure, defined as a decrease of CD4+ cell count to
Chromium (Cr) is an essential element required for normal carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. Signs of Cr deficiency have been documented on numerous occasions, including elevated blood glucose, insulin, cholesterol and triglycerides, and decreased high density lipoproteins (HDL) in humans consuming normal diets. A review reports that the response to Cr supplementation for glucose, insulin, lipids, and related variables is related to the amount and form of supplemental Cr, the degree of glucose intolerance, and the duration of the study. Subjects with glucose intolerance but not diabetes usually respond to 200 �g of Cr daily as Cr chloride or other more bioavailable forms of Cr (9). The NHPD recommendations for chromium supplementation in adults to provide support for healthy glucose metabolism are between 2.2-500 �g per day (10).
Limited information from human studies indicates that dietary quercetin supplementation influences blood lipid profiles, glycemic response, and inflammatory status, collectively termed cardiometabolic risks. Randomly assigned subjects were instructed to take either a placebo (n = 43) or 100 mg quercetin capsules each day (n = 49) for 10 weeks. Quercetin-rich supplementation significantly reduced serum concentrations of total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and increased HDL-cholesterol. In the quercetin-rich supplementation group, glucose concentrations decreased significantly after 10 weeks supplementation. These results suggest a beneficial role for quercetin as a preventive measure against cardiovascular risk (11).
Attributes of Almond Liquid Vite Min covered by the NHPD Monographs: An antioxidant for the maintenance of good health; Helps normal growth and development; Helps to maintain eyesight, membranes, healthy skin and immune function; Helps in the development and maintenance of bones, cartilage, teeth and gums; Helps in the development and maintenance of night vision; Helps the body to metabolize carbohydrates, fats and proteins; Provides support for healthy glucose metabolism; Helps to form red blood cells; Helps to maintain proper muscle function; Helps in connective tissue formation; Helps in wound healing; Helps in the function of the thyroid gland; Helps to prevent vitamin E deficiency, vitamin A, vitamin C, folate, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, biotin, pantothenic acid, manganese, iodine, molybdenum, chromium and selenium deficiency. Calcium intake, when combined with sufficient vitamin D, a healthy diet, and regular exercise, may reduce the risk of developing osteoporosis (12).
Complete multi vitamin mineral formulation in liquid format
- Support immune system health and general health (1) Pleasant tasting
- Almond flavored
Total Carbohydrate: 10 g
Sugars: 9 g
Vitamin A (vitamin A palmitate): 5000 IU
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid): 250 mg
Vitamin D (cholecalciferol): 100 IU
Vitamin E (d-alpha tocopherol): 75 IU
Thiamin (thiamin hydrochloride): 10 mg
Riboflavin: 10 mg
Niacin (niacinamide): 20 mg
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine hydrochloride): 15 mg
Folic Acid: 500 mcg
Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin): 25 mcg
Biotin: 100 mcg
Pantothenic Acid (panthenol): 10 mg
Calcium (calcium chloride): 75 mg
Iodine (potassium iodide): 200 mcg
Magnesium (magnesium gluconate): 30 mg
Zinc (zinc gluconate): 5 mg
Selenium (sodium selenite): 100 mcg
Manganese (manganese gluconate): 3 mg
Chromium (chromium chloride): 75 mcg
Molybdenum (sodium molybdate): 25 mcg
Potassium (potassium chloride): 10 mg
Vanadium (sodium metavanadate): 20 mcg
Choline (choline bitartrate): 15 mg
Inositol: 10 mg
Quercetin Dihydrate(from Flos sophorae immaturus): 5 mg
Coenzyme Q10 (fermentation)(from Flos sophorae immaturus: 1 mg
L-Glutamine(from Flos sophorae immaturus: 1 mg
Stevia (Stevia rebaudiana) Leaf(from Flos sophorae immaturus: 20 mg
Cat?s Claw (Uncaria tomentosa): 0.005 ml
Grape (Vitis vinifera) Seed Extract (1:2): 0.0002 ml
Take one tablespoon two times daily with meals, a few hours before or after taking other medications, or as recommended by your healthcare practitioner.
If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, do not use. If you are taking tetracycline, anti-hypertensive, anticoagulant or immunosuppressive drugs; have impaired liver function; or have a history of nonmelanoma skin cancer, consult your healthcare practitioner prior to use. Zinc supplementation can cause copper deficiency. If you are unsure if you are taking adequate copper, consult your healthcare practitioner.
Fructose, purified water, glycerin, glucose, natural almond flavor, polyoxyl 35 castor oil, sodium hydroxide, xanthan gum, potassium sorbate
Safety-sealed for your protection and for product freshness. Do not use if inner seal is missing or broken. Shake product well before each use. Store in a cool, dry place.